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Objectives of the experiments

When the translational movement is perpendicular to the rotation plane, then the trajectory is in spiral, called circular polarization. Any intermediate position will produce an elliptical polarization.

In accordance with the proposed model of Mr. Victor Urbina, in a polarized environment the two particles that form the photon move with trajectories visualized below:

Linear Polarization (parallel rotation in line with this page):

Linear Polarization path:

Circular Polarization (rotation perpendicular to the page):

Circular Polarization path:

The following experiments were carried out with the objective to observe if the trajectories predicted by the proposed model coincide with the trajectories detected by the laboratory instruments. The results were confirmed.


Linear Polarization (parallel rotation in line with this page):

For this experiment a Gunn diode oscillator was used coupled to a resonant cavity which its frequency adjusted to 10.5 Ghz, 2.855 cm wavelength without modulation and focused by a parabolic antenna.

A horizontal movement mechanism with a metallic plate was installed with the edge at the center of the microwave beam, measuring every millimeter, as seen in figure:

These results were plotted where the horizontal axis coincides with the movement of the plate in centimeters and vertically the field strength in microwatts.

In this graphic it is clearly observed that the trajectories are not sinusoidals but coincides exactly with the empty spaces of the plate following double cycloidal paths which are generated by a spinning wheel, which the tangential speed is the same as its translational speed.

It is interesting to observe that the peaks of minimum power coincide exactly with half of the wavelength, which is 1.4 cm. It is demonstrated that the path of the electromagnetic radiation is not sinusoidal. Instead, the trajectories are cycloidal in plane polarization. The simple harmonic movement generates this path.

Circular Polarization (rotation perpendicular to the page):

In this experiment the same equipment was used but instead of the parabolic antenna, two helical antennas were used. The edge of the metallic plate at the center of the beam was moved horizontally every millimeter, measuring the field strength. As shown in figure:

Plotting the X axis distance in millimeters and the field strength in Y axis (microwatts), and overlapping with the two dimensional projection of two spiral trajectories which are two sinusoidal figures, the following figure is obtained.

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